Class actions have created substantial benefits for consumers who could bring individual claims. Examples include Volkswagen’s $14.7 billion settlement to resolve claims over falsifying vehicle emission tests (click here), Toyota’s $1.1 billion settlement to resolve claims over its vehicles issues with sudden acceleration (click here), and a collective (and increasing) $604 million in settlements by various automotive parts manufacturers to resolve claims for price-fixing and bid-rigging (click here). FCALA will frustrate the process that made these settlements possible, thus either delaying or denying relief to millions of consumers. As many courts have recognized, “[t]he realistic alternative to a class action is not 17 million individual suits, but zero.” Carnegie v. Household Int'l, Inc., 376 F.3d 656, 661 (7th Cir. 2004).
 To see the current text of this bill (H.R. 985) click here, and to see the Judiciary Committee Report click here .